Somatostatin Analog Inhibits the Growth of Insulinoma Cells by p27-Mediated G1 Cell Cycle Arrest

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Abstract

Objectives

Although the somatostatin analog octreotide (OCT) has been used for uncontrollable insulinoma, the mechanism involved is still unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate the therapeutic effect of OCT for insulinoma.

Methods

Mouse insulinoma cell line MIN6 cells were cultured with OCT to clarify its antiproliferative effects, the expression of somatostatin receptor subtypes, cell cycle, p27 expression, and cdc2 kinase activity. The changes of the messenger RNA expression profiles were examined by microarray analysis. Intraperitoneal OCT treatment was given to insulinoma model IT6 mice for 4 weeks.

Results

MIN6 cells expressed somatostatin receptor 2A, 3, and 5 under the OCT treatment. Octreotide showed a dose-dependent antiproliferative effect on MIN6 cells but not on the other cell lines. p27 expression and cdc2 kinase activity in MIN6 cells became prominent with OCT treatment. At the messenger RNA level, several molecules in the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway were downregulated. The sizes of the individual tumors tended to be smaller in the OCT-treated group. p27 expression was seen in the tumor tissue, but no apoptotic marker was detected.

Conclusion

Octreotide acted through a cytostatic mechanism and could be an effective therapy for insulinoma.

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