Quality of Life and Functional Outcome After Resection of Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasm

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Abstract

Objectives

The objectives of this study were to assess the long-term quality of life (QOL) after the resection of a primary pancreatic cyst and to determine predictors of outcome. Secondary outcomes were pancreatic function and survival.

Methods

One hundred eight consecutive patients, who underwent resection between 1992 and 2007 and had nearly 60 months follow-up, were reviewed. Questionnaires and function tests were collected during scheduled outpatient clinic visits.

Results

At follow-up, 20 patients had died. Five-year overall survival was 94% for benign and 62% for malignant neoplasia. Of 88 living patients, 65 (74%) returned questionnaires. Generic physical and mental QOL scores were equal or better compared with healthy references. None of the disease-specific symptom scales were above mean 50, implicating none to mild complaints. Independent predictors for good generic QOL were young age (P < 0.05) and resected malignancy (P < 0.05); predictors for good gastrointestinal QOL were male sex (P < 0.1), limited resection (P < 0.05), endocrine insufficiency (P < 0.05), and employment (P < 0.05). Endocrine insufficiency prevalence was 40%, and 59% for exocrine insufficiency.

Conclusions

After cyst resection, long-term QOL is equal to healthy references, pancreatic insufficiency is prevalent but does not impair QOL, and survival relates positive compared with solid pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The excellent long-term outcome justifies proceeding with surgery once a medical indication for resection has been established.

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