A Decrease in miR-150 Regulates the Malignancy of Pancreatic Cancer by Targeting c-Myb and MUC4

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Abstract

Objectives

Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive cancer with high mortality. Conventional treatments have little impact on its progression. Limited research investigating the role of oncogene miR-150 specifically in pancreatic cancer has been published. The purpose of this study was to determine the tumorigenesis of miR-150 in pancreatic cancer.

Methods

One hundred six pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas were analyzed together with their adjacent benign pancreatic tissues. The associations of miR-150, c-Myb, and MUC4 expression with survival rates were determined. Functional studies on miR-150 in pancreatic cancer were used to assess its effect on proliferation and malignancy in several pancreatic cell lines.

Results

miR-150 expression was significantly down-regulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues compared with adjacent benign pancreatic tissues. Patients with low miR-150 expression had significantly higher mortality rates than those with high miR-150 expression. The in vitro and in vivo assays of pancreatic cancer cells showed that miR-150 overexpression leads to reduced cell growth, clonogenicity, migration, invasion, modular cell cycles, and induced apoptosis. Moreover, miR-150 expression was inversely correlated with c-Myb and MUC4 activities in pancreatic tissue, cell lines, and nude mouse model.

Conclusions

miR-150 is an important suppressor of pancreatic ductal carcinoma and acts as a regulator of c-Myb and MUC4 in aggressive progress.

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