Current pancreatic cancer diagnostics cannot reliably detect early disease or distinguish it from chronic pancreatitis. We test the hypothesis that optical spectroscopy can accurately differentiate cancer from chronic pancreatitis and normal pancreas. We developed and tested clinically compatible multimodal optical spectroscopy technology to measure reflectance and endogenous fluorescence from human pancreatic tissues.Methods
Freshly excised pancreatic tissue specimens (39 normal, 34 chronic pancreatitis, 32 adenocarcinoma) from 18 patients were optically interrogated, with site-specific histopathology representing the criterion standard. A multinomial logistic model using principal component analysis and generalized estimating equations provided statistically rigorous tissue classification.Results
Optical spectroscopy distinguished pancreatic cancer from normal pancreas and chronic pancreatitis (sensitivity, 91%; specificity, 82%; positive predictive value, 69%; negative predictive value, 95%; area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.89). Reflectance alone provided essentially the same classification accuracy as reflectance and fluorescence combined, suggesting that a rapid, low-cost, reduced-footprint, reflectance-based device could be deployed without notable loss of diagnostic power.Conclusions
Our novel, clinically compatible, label-free optical diagnostic technology accurately characterizes pancreatic tissues. These data provide the scientific foundation demonstrating that optical spectroscopy can potentially improve diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis.