Posterior Superior Mesenteric Artery First Dissection Versus Classical Approach in Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Outcomes of a Case-Matched Study

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objectives

Posterior superior mesenteric artery (SMA) first dissection in pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) may allow for early assessment of resectability and aberrant anatomy. Study objectives were to compare resection margins, perioperative outcomes, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients undergoing a posterior SMA first dissection PD to a classical technique PD.

Methods

Patients (n = 77) who underwent a posterior SMA first PD for adenocarcinoma were case matched for patient and tumor characteristics with patients undergoing a classical approach PD from 2006 to 2014 (n = 177).

Results

The SMA first patients had an improved negative resection margin rate (27 [35.1%] vs 14 [18.2%], P = 0.042) and a higher lymph node yield (median 28 [22–34] vs 21 [17–27], P < 0.001) compared with the classical approach group. No difference was demonstrated in serious complications or 30-day mortality between the SMA first and classical approach patients (Clavien-Dindo 3/4 16 [20.8%] vs 11 [14.3%], P = 0.336; 30-day mortality 3 [3.9%] vs 3 [3.9%], P = 1.00 respectively). Median DFS and OS was similar in SMA first compared with classical approach patients (DFS, 1.6 vs 1.1 years, P = 0.122; OS, 2.5 vs 1.5 years, P = 0.220 respectively).

Conclusions

A posterior SMA first approach is a comparably safe technique that may improve oncological results in PD compared with classical approach dissection.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles