The method for drainage of exocrine secretions in pancreas transplantation remains a matter of debate. Different methods have evolved over time. Most data on these methods are from single-center studies with small sample sizes. Larger studies have yielded conflicting results.Methods
Data from the United Network for Organ Sharing database on all adult subjects who received pancreas and kidney-pancreas transplants between 1996 and 2012 were analyzed (n = 19,934). Subjects were divided into 3 groups: enteric drainage with Roux-en-Y (n = 4308), enteric drainage without Roux-en-Y (n = 11,145), and bladder drainage (n = 4481). Primary end points were patient and graft survival at 1, 3, 5, 10, and 15 years.Results
There was a patient and graft survival advantage with enteric drainage without Roux-en-Y reconstruction compared with the other methods. This was consistent at 1, 3, 5, 10, and 15 years.Conclusions
Our study demonstrated increased graft and patient survival when comparing enteric drainage of the transplanted pancreas without Roux-en-Y reconstruction to enteric drainage with Roux-en-Y and bladder drainage at 1, 3, 5, 10, and 15 years. Based on this study, we recommend enteric drainage without Roux-en-Y reconstruction as the method of choice in pancreas transplantation.