Spatial Distribution of Pancreatic Stones in Chronic Pancreatitis

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The aim of this study was to establish a standard to describe the spatial distribution of pancreatic stones in chronic pancreatitis (CP).


Two hundred forty-seven CP patients with pancreatic stones from June to December 2012 were enrolled. Two-dimensional images from coronal projection of 3-dimensional computed tomography images of pancreatic stones were gained. The number (n) of all stones and the geometric standard deviation (σ) of distances between the centroid of all stones and the centroids of every stone that represented the spatial distribution nonuniformity were calculated by Stone Reconstruction and Identification Programming System.


The mean value of n and σ were 13.6 and 22.5; n > 13.6 and σ > 22.5 were determined as “multistones” and “nonuniform,” respectively. Compared with alcoholic CP, idiopathic CP was less prone to multistones (odds ratio [OR], 0.310) and more prone to nonuniform (OR, 3.247). Pancreatic pseudocyst (OR, 2.211) in CP course was a risk factor of multistones, whereas diabetes mellitus in first-/second-/third-degree relatives (OR, 0.382) was a protective factor. Age at diagnosis of pancreatic stones (OR, 1.022) was a risk factor of nonuniformity.


Compared with idiopathic CP, alcoholic CP patients were prone to more pancreatic stones that distribute more uniformly.

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