Histidine-Rich Glycoprotein Suppresses Hyperinflammatory Responses of Lung in a Severe Acute Pancreatitis Mouse Model

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Abstract

Objectives

Severe acute pancreatitis is a highly lethal disease caused by systemic inflammatory response syndrome, leading to multiple organ failure. We recently showed that histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) supplemental therapy ameliorated septic acute respiratory distress syndrome due to unnecessary neutrophil activation and immunothrombosis formation. Here, we evaluated the effect of HRG on lung inflammation followed by pancreatitis in a severe acute pancreatitis mouse model.

Methods

Mice received intraperitoneal injections of cerulein 7 times (100 μg/kg each) at 1-hour intervals to induce acute pancreatitis. Immediately after the first cerulein injection, phosphate-buffered saline, human serum albumin (20 mg/kg), or HRG (20 mg/kg) was intravenously injected. One hour after the last cerulein injection, phosphate-buffered saline or lipopolysaccharide (5 mg/kg) was intravenously injected into the tail vein. We evaluated lung inflammatory level after pancreatitis.

Results

We observed significantly decreased plasma HRG levels in an acute pancreatitis mouse model. Histidine-rich glycoprotein treatment inhibited lung edema and the accumulation of neutrophil in severe acute pancreatitis, but HRG did not directly affect pancreatitis. Moreover, HRG suppressed tumor necrosis factor α, inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin 6, and neutrophil elastase mRNA expression and myeloperoxidase activity in the lung.

Conclusions

These data suggested that HRG ameliorated lung inflammation secondary to pancreatitis.

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