Chromogranin A in the Follow-up of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Is It Really Game Over? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Abstract

Objectives

Little is known about chromogranin A (CgA) during follow-up of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. We hypothesized that serial CgA monitoring might be useful for the assessment of tumor progression, and we performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis.

Methods

A bibliographical search was performed in PubMed using “chromogranin A” and “neuroendocrine tumors” and “follow-up” and “biomarker” to identify all pertinent articles published in the last 10 years.

Results

Eight studies were included in current meta-analysis. Chromogranin A as a follow-up marker shows sensitivity between 46% and 100% and specificity between 68% and 90%. The meta-analysis results showed an overall accuracy of 84% (95% confidence interval [CI], 81–86.6), a cumulative sensitivity of 74.6% (95% CI, 61.9–85.4), and a cumulative specificity of 84.7% (95% CI, 81.3–87.7). These data indicate that circulating CgA has a better overall accuracy in the follow-up setting; it can be used to rule the diagnosis of recurrence/progression in, rather than to rule it out.

Conclusions

Chromogranin A is more reliable when used to monitor disease progression and response to treatment and for the early detection of recurrence after treatment rather than in the diagnostic setting. It is more sensible to use this marker in those cases where the initial values were impaired.

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