The aim of this study was to compare the concordance of the Balthazar grade and the revised Atlanta classification and then establish a modified radiological scoring system that would predict 3 degrees of severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) based on the latest Atlanta classification.Methods
A retrospective study enrolling pediatric inpatients with AP who had completed computed tomography was conducted between January 2006 and March 2018. The concordance of the 2 radiological scoring systems was assessed with κ statistic.Results
The Balthazar grade was unable to accurately predict the severity of AP compared with the revised Atlanta classification. However, a modified Balthazar grading system defining patents with Balthazar grades A to C as mild, grade D as moderately, and grade E as severe presented perfect agreement with the revised Atlanta classification across the enrolled population (κ, 0.85; 95% confidence interval, 0.73–0.97). The concordance of the modified Balthazar score and the revised Atlanta classification remained a perfect degree of agreement across repeated tests in 90 random samples (κ, 0.85; 95% confidence interval, 0.85–0.85).Conclusions
The modified Balthazar grade demonstrated perfect agreement with the latest Atlanta classification for AP severity scoring. As such, the modified Balthazar grade can be used to predict 3 degrees of severity of AP.