Characterization of class I integrons among Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis isolated from humans and poultry

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Abstract

A total of 84 Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SEnteritidis) isolates, 42 of human and 42 of poultry origin, were characterized for antimicrobial resistance patterns and class I integrons. Among them, 58 (69%) SEnteritidis were multidrug-resistant (MDR) and showed resistance to two or more antibiotic classes. By PCR assays and DNA sequencing, 50 (59.5%) S Enteritidis isolates were found to carry class I integrons. Amplification of internal variable regions of class I integrons revealed five different arrays (0.75 kb only, 1 kb only, 1.3 kb only, both 1 and 1.2 kb, and both 1 and 1.3 kb). The integrons were further sequenced and the dfrA25 (0.75 kb), aadA1 (1 kb), aadA2 (1 kb), blaPSE1 (1.2kb) aadA6-orfD (1.3 kb) gene cassette arrays were identified. Ciprofloxacin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for the three isolates that showed resistance or reduced susceptibility via the disc diffusion method were 0.5–4 µg mL−1, although only three isolates exhibited resistance to cefteriaxone (MIC: 128–256 µg mL−1) and four isolates were resistant to florfenicol (MIC: 32–128 µg mL−1). In conclusion, the high rates of multidrug-resistance and class I integrons found among SEnteritidis isolates in humans and poultry in Tehran suggest that efforts are needed to confine the prevalence of MDR Salmonella isolates.

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