Loss of heterozygosity of DNA repair gene, hOGG1, in renal cell carcinoma but not in renal papillary adenoma

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Abstract

The kidney is constantly exposed to free radicals due to its active metabolism and processing of toxic metabolites. Among 20 or so free radical-induced DNA lesions, 8-oxoquanine is the most abundant and is potentially mutagenic if not sufficiently removed. The human 8-oxoquanine DNA glycosylase 1 (hOGG1) gene repairs 8-oxoguanine and resides at 3p25–26, which has frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in clear cell–renal cell carcinoma (CC-RCC). Even though some studies found similar genetic alterations between renal papillary adenomas (PA) and papillary RCC (PRCC), no studies have been conducted to compare the alterations of hOGG1 gene in PA, PRCC and CC-RCC. To further explore the relationship between CC-RCC, PRCC and PA at the genetic level LOH of hOGG1 gene was investigated in these three groups. It was found that 8/8 PRCC (100%) and 8/9 CC-RCC (88%) had evidence of hOGG1 LOH, whereas all four PA (0%) were devoid of hOGG1 LOH. It is concluded that deletion of hOGG1 gene occurs commonly in PRCC and CC-RCC but not in renal cortical PA. Further studies are warranted to further explore the exact roles of hOGG1 gene in the development and progression of RCC.

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