Gross type-matched study of clinicopathologic features of advanced gastric carcinoma with replication error

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Sporadic gastric carcinomas with replication error (RER) have been described and have distinct clinicopathological features, such as: older age group, predominant antral location, elevated gross type, near-diploidy, expanding pattern (Ming's classification), intestinal type, low desmoplastic response, and less frequent lymph node metastasis. Previous study revealed that replication error-positive (RER+) advanced gastric carcinomas (AGC) had a preponderance of Borrmann type 2. Regardless of RER status, AGC of Borrmann type 2 usually exhibit expanding pattern (Ming's classification), intestinal type, and low desmoplastic reaction. Therefore, to better characterize the clinicopathological features of RER+ gastric carcinomas, gross type-matched analysis would be necessary. We analyzed 53 cases of Borrmann type 2 AGC for RER status using polymerase chain reaction analysis of eight microsatellite loci and compared the clinicopathological features between RER+ and RER− negative (RER−) tumors. Sixteen (30.2%) out of 53 cases were RER+ phenotype which had a significant association with female sex, older age, expanding pattern, small and uniform nuclei, and low DNA index (P < 0.05). However, RER status was not significantly associated with histological differentiation, histological type (Lauren's classification), desmoplastic response, intratumoral lymphoid infiltration, and tumor location. Most of the previously known clinicopathological features of RER+ AGC were related to Borrmann type 2, except for female sex, older age, expanding pattern, and low DNA index.

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