Effectiveness of diet, sexual habits and lifestyle modifications on treatment of chronic pelvic pain syndrome

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The potential benefits of a therapeutic regimen for chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) based on the adherence to some specific rules concerning diet, sexual habits and lifestyle have never been investigated.

METHODS:

A review of literature was executed to prepare a vademecum of 13 rules relating to diet, sexual habits and lifestyle that patients had to adhere to in order to treat CPPS. Patients affected by CPPS were enrolled and assigned to two equal groups that were both treated with 100 mg of nimesulide for 1 week. Group two patients were instructed to adhere to the vademecum rules, whereas patients in Group one received instructions to make no changes in their lifestyles. The NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index was administered at baseline and after 3 months. The main outcome measure was the change in the mean total NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index scores between the two groups from baseline to after treatment. Statistical methods for two-group comparisons were used.

RESULTS:

Overall,100 patients were recruited. Thirty-nine out of fifty patients (78%) belonging to Group two adhered to the vademecum rules. In Group one, the total NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index score was 21.9 at baseline and 17.6 posttreatment, whereas in Group two these scores were 22.1 and 8.1, respectively (P<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

We detected 13 potentially eliminable risk factors for CPPS on the basis of which we prepared a vademecum of 13 rules to treat this disease that were well tolerated and highly effective in significantly reducing all types of symptoms caused by CPPS.

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