Estrogen receptor beta agonist LY500307 fails to improve symptoms in men with enlarged prostate secondary to benign prostatic hypertrophy

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To assess the efficacy and safety of LY500307, a selective estrogen receptor beta agonist, on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with enlarged prostate secondary to BPH.

METHODS:

In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel phase 2, efficacy and safety study, eligible patients with moderate to severe LUTS and prostatic enlargement (≥30 ml) were randomized to placebo or LY500307 at 1, 3, 10 and 25 mg once daily for 24 weeks. Primary efficacy end point was change in total International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS) after 24 weeks. Secondary end points included changes in total prostate volume (TPV) that served as a proof of concept end point, as well as IPSS quality of life, maximum peak urine flow rate (Qmax) and PSA and safety (adverse events, laboratory test).

RESULTS:

A total of 414 patients were randomized when the study was terminated because of insufficient TPV reduction, based on a priori defined interim analysis. The IPSS mean change from baseline to end point was - 3.4 ± 6.8 in the placebo group and -1.3 ± 6.6, - 2.6 ± 7.0, - 3.7 ± 6.7 and - 4.4 ± 5.7 in the 1, 3, 10 and 25 mg LY500307-treated groups, respectively (P>0.05). Similarly, no treatment effect was observed for any of the secondary efficacy measures. Incidence of adverse events was comparable between treatment groups, and no clinically meaningful changes in laboratory tests were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

LY500307 was well tolerated in BPH patients with LUTS at doses up to 25 mg once daily for 24 weeks. The study was terminated early because of inadequate efficacy.

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