Genetic transformation of golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens

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To establish a procedure for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) plants, the effects of selection antibiotics and the preculture period of stem explants before A. tumefaciens infection were examined. Explants were co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens EHA105, harboring the plasmid pGWB2/cGUS, on a somatic embryo-inducing medium supplemented with acetosyringone. Resulting transgenic somatic embryos were screened on an antibiotic selection medium, and the transgenic pothos plants were regenerated on a germination medium. Hygromycin was the optimum selection antibiotic tested. The preculture period significantly affected the transformation efficiency, with explants precultured for one-day showing the best efficiency (5–30%). Both transformed hygromycin-resistant embryos and regenerated plants showed β-glucuronidase activity. Southern blot analysis confirmed transgene integration into the pothos genome. This reproducible transformation system for golden pothos may enable the molecular breeding of this very common indoor plant.

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