To review the findings and discuss the implications of the use of low-dose insulin infusions in pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis compared with standard-dose insulin.Data Sources:
A search of the electronic PubMed database was used to perform the clinical query as well as to search for additional relevant literature.Study Selection and Data Extraction:
The article by Nallasamy K et al “Low-Dose vs Standard-Dose Insulin in Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatrics 2014; 17:e477–e480” was selected for critical appraisal and literature review.Data Synthesis:
The authors performed a randomized controlled trial among 50 consecutive patients of 0–12 years old presenting to the emergency department in diabetic ketoacidosis. They found that low-dose (0.05 U/kg/hr) insulin infusion was noninferior to standard-dose (0.1 U/kg/hr) insulin in terms of resolution of hyperglycemia and acidosis with a trend toward lower rates of therapy-related complications in the low-dose group.Conclusions:
Low-dose insulin infusion is noninferior to standard-dose insulin in the treatment of younger pediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and may lead to fewer therapy-related complications.