Low mannose-binding lectin levels and haplotypes associated with low mannose-binding lectin production have been associated with infection and severe sepsis. We tested the hypothesis that mannose-binding lectin levels would be associated with severe infection in a large cohort of critically ill children.Design:
Prospective cohort study.Setting:
Medical and Surgical PICUs, Boston Children’s Hospital.Patients:
Children less than 21 years old admitted to the ICUs from November 2009 to November 2010.Interventions:
None.Measurements and Main Results:
We measured mannose-binding lectin levels in 479 of 520 consecutively admitted children (92%) with severe or life-threatening illness. We genotyped 213 Caucasian children for mannose-binding lectin haplotype tagging variants and assigned haplotypes. In the univariate analyses of mannose-binding lectin levels with preadmission characteristics, levels were higher in patients with preexisting renal disease. Patients who received greater than 100 mL/kg of fluids in the first 24 hours after admission had markedly lower mannose-binding lectin, as did patients who underwent spinal fusion surgery. Mannose-binding lectin levels had no association with infection status at admission, or with progression from systemic inflammatory response syndrome to sepsis or septic shock. Although mannose-binding lectin haplotypes strongly influenced mannose-binding lectin levels in the predicted relationship, low mannose-binding lectin–producing haplotypes were not associated with increased risk of infection.Conclusions:
Mannose-binding lectin levels are largely genetically determined. This relationship was preserved in children during critical illness, despite the effect of large-volume fluid administration on mannose-binding lectin levels. Previous literature evaluating an association between mannose-binding lectin levels and severe infection is inconsistent; we found no relationship in our PICU cohort. We found that mannose-binding lectin levels were lower after aggressive fluid resuscitation and suggest that studies of mannose-binding lectin in critically ill patients should assess mannose-binding lectin haplotypes to reflect preillness levels.