Factors Associated With Mortality in Low-Risk Pediatric Critical Care Patients in The Netherlands*

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



To determine differences between survivors and nonsurvivors and factors associated with mortality in pediatric intensive care patients with low risk of mortality.


Retrospective cohort study.


Patients were selected from a national database including all admissions to the PICUs in The Netherlands between 2006 and 2012.


Patients less than 18 years old admitted to the PICU with a predicted mortality risk lower than 1% according to either the recalibrated Pediatric Risk of Mortality or the Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 were included.



Measurements and Main Results:

In total, 16,874 low-risk admissions were included of which 86 patients (0.5%) died. Nonsurvivors had more unplanned admissions (74.4% vs 38.5%; p < 0.001), had more complex chronic conditions (76.7% vs 58.8%; p = 0.001), were more often mechanically ventilated (88.1% vs 34.9%; p < 0.001), and had a longer length of stay (median, 11 [interquartile range, 5–32] d vs median, 3 [interquartile range, 2–5] d; p < 0.001) when compared with survivors. Factors significantly associated with mortality were complex chronic conditions (odds ratio, 3.29; 95% CI, 1.97–5.50), unplanned admissions (odds ratio, 5.78; 95% CI, 3.40–9.81), and admissions in spring/summer (odds ratio, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.08–2.58).


Nonsurvivors in the PICU with a low predicted mortality risk have recognizable risk factors including complex chronic condition and unplanned admissions.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles