Acute appendicitis in the immunosuppressed patients are often difficult to diagnose and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recent debates on primary appendicitis and typhlitis-associated appendicitis have contributed to the diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. We retrospectively reviewed all our immunosuppressed patients with appendicitis. The most frequent presenting symptom was fever followed by non-specific intermittent abdominal pain. The median delay in diagnosis was 4 days. CT scan was useful in making the diagnosis, but the presence of adjacent bowel thickening has contributed to the dilemma in diagnosis and treatment. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2008;50:1282–1283. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.