Dry eye disease is a well-known late complication of radiation therapy and is often difficult to treat. We evaluated the usefulness of cyclosporine 0.05% ophthalmic emulsion for the treatment of radiation-associated dry eye in children. Eleven children received cyclosporine 0.05% emulsion twice daily after failure of conventional therapy. After 6 months, dry eye manifestations improved in three children (27.3%). The remaining eight children showed no improvement with cyclosporine 0.05% ophthalmic emulsion. These results suggest that twice-daily cyclosporine 0.05% ophthalmic emulsion has limited use in children with refractory radiation-associated chronic dry eye.