A Phase I Trial of MK-2206 in Children with Refractory Malignancies: A Children's Oncology Group Study

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Abstract

Background.

We report results of a phase I trial designed to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), describe dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), and characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of MK-2206, an AKT inhibitor, in children with refractory or recurrent malignancies.

Procedure.

MK-2206 was administered either every other day (Schedule 1), or once a week (Schedule 2) in a 28-day cycle. Dose escalations in increments of ˜30% were independently made in each part using the rolling-six design. Serial pharmacokinetic (PK) studies were obtained. Biological studies include analysis of PI3K/PTEN/AKT-cell signaling pathway in pre and post-therapy in PBMC and in tumors at diagnosis or recurrence.

Results.

Fifty patients (26 males, median age 12.6 years [range, 3.1–21.9]) with malignant glioma (16), ependymoma (4), hepatocellular carcinoma (3), gliomatosis cereberi (2), or other tumors (22) were enrolled; 40 were fully evaluable for toxicity (Schedule 1, n = 23; Schedule 2, n = 17). Schedule 1 DLTs included: grade 3 dehydration in 1/6 patients at 28 mg/m2; grade 4 hyperglycemia and neutropenia in 1/6 patients at 45 mg/m2; and grade 3 rash in 3/6 patients at dose level 4 (58 mg/m2). Schedule 2 DLTs included: grade 3 alkaline phosphatase in 1/6 patients at 90 mg/m2; grade 3 rash in 1/6 patients at 120 mg/m2; and grade 3 rash in 2/6 patients at 155 mg/m2.

Conclusions.

The recommended pediatric phase 2 dose of MK-2206 is 45 mg/m2/dose every other day or 120 mg/m2/dose weekly. PK appeared linear over the dose range studied.

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