Agreement Among Measurements and Estimations of Glomerular Filtration in Children With Cancer

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Abstract

Background.

Glomerular filtration is an important route of elimination for many types of chemotherapy. Accurate estimation of glomerular filtration at the bedside is essential in the management of children with cancer. Bedside formulae for the estimation of glomerular filtration have not been validated in children with cancer. We investigated the accuracy of three formulae (the original Schwartz, Counahan-Barratt, and revised Schwartz equations) against measurement of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a cohort of children with cancer.

Procedure.

This was a retrospective review of existing data from a single institution. The electronic medical record was queried for subjects meeting inclusion criteria during a 3.5 year time frame. Bland-Altman analyses were used to assess agreement among current formulae and estimating the GFR compared to the measured, or index GFR. Logistic regression was performed to identify potential variables with an effect on the estimation of GFR.

Results.

None of the three estimation formulae provided a reliable estimate of the index GFR. The mean difference was lowest between the revised Schwartz and the index GFR compared to the other two formulae and the index GFR. For the original Schwartz equation, age and prior receipt of chemotherapy were significant predictors of under- and overestimation. For the revised Schwartz equation, one age group (6–12 years) and a diagnosis of neuroblastoma actively receiving chemotherapy were positive risk factors for overestimation of the GFR.

Conclusion.

Currently available estimation formulae for GFR may not be appropriate for children with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2015;62:80–84. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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