Evaluation of boost irradiation in patients with intermediate-risk stage III Wilms tumour with positive lymph nodes only: Results from the SIOP-WT-2001 Registry

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Abstract

Objective:

To evaluate the value of radiotherapy boost omission in patients with intermediate-risk, stage III Wilms tumours (WT) with positive lymph nodes (LN).

Methods and materials:

All patients with intermediate-risk, stage III (LN positive) WT consecutively registered in the SIOP-WT-2001 study were included in this analysis. Endpoints were 5-year event-free survival (EFS), loco-regional control (LRC) and overall survival (OS).

Results:

Between June 2001 and May 2015, 2,569 patients with stage I to III WT after preoperative chemotherapy were registered in the SIOP-WT-2001 study. Five hundred and twenty-three (20%) had stage III disease, of which 113 patients had stage III due to positive LN only. Of those, 101 (89%) received radiotherapy, 36 of which (36%) received, apart from flank irradiation, a boost dose to the LN positive area. Four patients (4%) did not receive any adjuvant radiotherapy. In eight patients information on radiotherapy was not available.

Results:

With a median follow-up of 71 months, no difference in 5-year EFS (84% vs. 83%, P = 0.77) and LRC (96% vs. 97%, P = 0.91) was observed between patients receiving a radiotherapy boost and those without boost, respectively. Five-year OS, including salvage therapy, was excellent (boost vs. no boost: 97% vs. 95%, P = 0.58).

Conclusions:

Outcome data demonstrate that omission of the radiotherapy boost to the loco-regional positive lymph nodes in patients with intermediate-risk, stage III WT who receive preoperative chemotherapy and postoperative flank irradiation (14.4 Gy) can be considered a safe approach for future SIOP protocols.

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