It has been suggested that persons with factor XI deficiency can have a normal activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). This notion is based on limited data, especially in children. Because of the central role the aPTT plays in diagnostic algorithms for bleeding disorders, it is important to know if a normal aPTT eliminates the need for factor XI activity testing. Our institutional database contains seven children with factor XI deficiency, of whom four have a normal aPTT. This supports the hypothesis that children with factor XI deficiency can have a normal aPTT. Clinicians may wish to consider this evidence when evaluating children with abnormal bleeding.