Novel activating BRAF fusion identifies a recurrent alternative mechanism for ERK activation in pediatric Langerhans cell histiocytosis

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasm characterized by constitutive activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Genomic characterization has identified activating point mutations including mutually exclusive BRAFV600E and activating MAP2K1 mutations to be responsible for ERK activation in a majority of pediatric LCH patients. Here, we report the discovery of a novel BRAF kinase fusion, PACSIN2-BRAF, in a child with multisystem LCH. This is the second reported case of an activating BRAF kinase fusion and indicates a recurrent pathologic mechanism. Genomic evaluation for activating kinase fusions should be strongly considered in pediatric LCH patients lacking more common mutations.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles