There is a worldwide increase of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). In 1996, the Danish population-based registry was initiated including all newly diagnosed children aged 0-15 yr. This is the report of incidence and seasonal variation for the first 10 yr of the registry. The data was analyzed using Poisson’s regression analysis. A total of 2166 children with diabetes were diagnosed before the age of 15 yr between 1996 and 2005. In this period, the annual increase in childhood T1DM was 3.43% (95% confidence interval: 1.91-4.97), which was unaffected by age and gender. Seasonal variation in incidence rates varied by year but not by age and gender. In conclusion, there is a steep increase in incidence of childhood T1DM in Denmark; the increase is comparable with the increase seen in other European countries. There is a significant seasonal variation that changes on a year-to-year basis. The observed variations in cadence rates may be associated with viral epidemics, sunshine exposure, or vitamin D levels and suggest further exploration of these relations.