Papulonecrotic Tuberculid in a 2-Year-Old Girl: With Emphasis on Extent of Disease and Presence of Leucocytoclastic Vasculitis

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Abstract

Abstract:

The clinicopathologic features of childhood papular necrotic tuberculid (PNT) have been detailed in 10 patients. PNT is characterized by symmetric, acral papular lesions that undergo necrosis. Despite widespread cutaneous involvement, the number of lesions is usually sparse. The extensor aspects of the limbs are usually involved and trunk involvement is uncommon. Vasculitis, an integral component of PNT, has been documented only once in childhood PNT. We describe PNT in a 2-year-old girl in whom a multitude of lesions were present all over the body, including unusual involvement of flexor surfaces of the limbs, trunk, perineum, and vulva. Biopsied tissue revealed the characteristic features of PNT, including leucocytoclastic vasculitis. There was prompt response to antituberculous therapy. Based on the findings in this patient, we believe that the clinical spectrum of this eminently treatable disease in children must be expanded in terms of distribution and number of lesions to include extensive limb and trunk, perineal, and vulval involvement; the histopathologic spectrum of childhood PNT must include leucocytoclastic vasculitis; and adult and childhood PNT share common histopathologic features, including a common cellular immunohistochemical profile, thereby suggesting a common pathogenesis.

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