A case of measles in a 26-year-old Japanese man is reported. A skin specimen taken on the third eruptive day from a maculopapular eruption on his chest was immunohistopathologically and electron microscopically examined using a rabbit polyclonal antibody against the nucleocapsid protein of the measles virus. The measles virus antigen was found in the inner cells of the acrosyringium and hair follicles. The measles virus nucleocapsid was electron microscopically identified in the nuclei of the inner cells of the acrosyringium. The findings suggest that the sweat from skin lesions might contain the measles virus.