Immunoglobulin G subclass deficiency and predisposition to infection in Down's syndrome

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Serum immunoglobulins and IgG subclasses were measured in 26 children with Down's syndrome using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and monoclonal antibodies. Eighteen (69%) of the children had increased susceptibility to infection. None of the children had deficiencies of total IgG and IgM, and only one had an IgA deficiency. IgG4 deficiency was diagnosed in 14 (54%) children. One child had a deficiency of IgG2. There were no children with deficiencies of either IgG1 or IgG3. There was a significant correlation between IgG subclass deficiency and predisposition to infection (P < 0.05). Ninety percent of the patients with severe

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