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We report the case of an 11-year-old preadolescent girl presenting with prolonged fever, lymphadenitis, nonpurulent conjunctivitis, a generalized maculopapular rash, erythematous lips and edema of hands/feet. Although major diagnostic criteria for Kawasaki disease were met, local epidemiologic data suggested a possible vector-borne etiology. Treatment with doxycycline was initiated, and defervescence occurred. Laboratory investigation confirmed the diagnosis of Rickettsia typhi infection.