Coverage of Haemophilus influenzae Type b Conjugate Vaccine for Children in Mainland China: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Background:Use of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine is effective in reducing the disease burden, but its coverage in China is unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the coverage of Hib conjugate vaccines in children in Mainland China.Methods:We systematically searched Pubmed, Web of Science, Medline, CNKI and Wanfang to identify studies assessing the coverage of Hib vaccine in Chinese children. Random-effects models were used to obtain pooled estimates for Hib vaccine coverage and analyzed heterogeneity with meta-regression and subgroup analyses.Results:Thirty-three studies that included 7,227,480 subjects in 12 provinces met our inclusion criteria. The pooled overall coverage of Hib conjugate vaccine was 54.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 52.9–57.0]. The pooled coverage for the nonlocal population (54.3%; 95% CI: 52.4–56.3) was lower than that for the local residents (62.0%; 95% CI: 58.4–65.6). The region-pooled coverage was higher in the east of China (59.7%; 95% CI: 57.3–62.1) than in the central and west parts of the country (48.5%; 95% CI: 40.6–56.4). Overall, 26.7% (95% CI: 20.1–33.2) had 1 dose only, 14.8% (95% CI: 10.0–19.6%) had 2 doses, 13.5% (95% CI: 9.1–17.8) had 3 doses and 14.3% (95% CI: 9.7–18.9) had 4 doses.Conclusions:We found a low coverage of Hib conjugate vaccine, particularly for the nonlocal children and those living in the central and west parts of China. Including Hib vaccine into the national immunization program is recommended to reduce disparities in vaccination coverage.

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