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This study assessed psychometric properties of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL/1.5–5) and explored clinical insights from its use in a sample of adopted Chinese girls.Parental ratings were obtained on 707 adopted Chinese girls, ages 1.50–5.92 years (M=3.24, SD=1.26). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), employing robust weighted least squares estimation, was used to evaluate the instrument's seven-factor correlated structure. Profiles of scores were analyzed descriptively for clinical insights.The CFAs indicated that the fit of Achenbach and Rescorla's (2000Manual for the ASEBA preschool forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Centre for Children, Youth, & Families) model to the data obtained from the adopted Chinese girls was acceptable using either a 2-point response scale or the original 3-point response scale for the 67 items from which the seven syndromes or correlated factors are derived. Values for the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) for the 2-point and 3-point response scales were .049 and .053, respectively. The RMSEA of .049 for the model using the dichotomously scored items was slightly better than what Achenbach and Rescorla (2000) reported for the same model (.06).The study provides additional evidence of the factorial validity of the CBCL/1.5–5 and supports its use with Chinese girls adopted into North American families. While the Chinese girls showed similar or better behavioral adjustment, compared to a reference group from the CBCL's normative sample, they tended to manifest higher levels of sleep problems.