A Saturated Approach to the Four-Phase, Brain-Based Simulation Framework for TeamSTEPPS® in a Pediatric Medicine Unit

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Introduction:Although many organizations have reported successful outcomes as a result of Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS), implementation can be challenging, with its share of administrative obstacles and lack of research that shows observable change in practice.Methods:This quantitative, pretest/posttest design pilot research used a combination of classroom simulation-based instruction and in situ simulation in a Pediatrics department in an urban academic center. All personnel with direct patient care responsibilities (n = 547) were trained in TeamSTEPPS in an 8-week period. TeamSTEPPS course knowledge scores were compared pretraining to posttraining using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. The performance of two-day and overnight shift teams, pre- and postintervention was assessed using the TeamSTEPPS Team Performance Observation Tool.Results:TeamSTEPPS course knowledge improved from the beginning of the course to completion with median scores of 16 and 19, respectively (P < 0.001). Both day and evening postintervention groups demonstrated greater team performance scores than their control counterparts. Specifically, postintervention day shift team showed the greatest improvement and demonstrated more TeamSTEPPS behaviors.Conclusion:This pilot study involving 1 department in an urban hospital showed that TeamSTEPPS knowledge and performance could be improved to increase patient safety and reduce medical errors. However, teams need to be trained within a shorter period so they can apply a shared-model of teamwork and communication. Leaders and educators throughout the department must also reinforce the behaviors and include them in every education intervention.

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