SMN2 and NAIP gene dosages in Vietnamese patients with spinal muscular atrophy

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Abstract

Background

The SMN1 gene is now recognized as a spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)-causing gene, while SMN2 and NAIP have been characterized as a modifying factor of the clinical severity of SMA. Gene dosage of SMN2 is associated with clinical severity of SMA. But the relationship between gene dosage of NAIP and clinical severity of SMA remains to be clarified, although complete deletion of NAIP is frequent in type I patients.

Methods

To evaluate the contribution of the SMN2 and NAIP gene dosages to SMA, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure copy numbers of SMN2 and NAIP in 34 Vietnamese SMA patients lacking SMN1 (13 type I, 11 type II and 10 type III patients).

Results

The SMN2 copy number in type I patients was significantly lower than that in type II–III patients, which was compatible with the previous reports. In contrast, 25 out of 34 patients had only zero or one copy of NAIP, while 50 out of 52 controls had two or more copies. For NAIP (+) genotype, six out of 13 type I patients, eight out of 11 type II patients and six out of 10 type III patients carried one NAIP copy.

Conclusions

The SMN2 copy number was related to the clinical severity of SMA among Vietnamese patients. The presence of one NAIP copy, that is, heterozygous NAIP deletion, was common in Vietnamese SMA, regardless of clinical phenotype.

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