Maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) Is Independently Associated with the Control of Diabetes Mellitus In Young Patients

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Abstract

Objective:

Investigate the cross-sectional association of glycemic control of ethnically diverse youth with diabetes mellitus with family characteristics.

Design:

Family study of 91 youth (probands) with diabetes mellitus and 142 parents.

Results:

Children's age and HbA1c averaged 11.9 years and 8.9%, respectively; 69% were minorities. After adjustment, poor glycemic control was associated with minority race/ethnicity, more television viewing, and higher maternal body mass index (BMI). Average HbA1c was 1.2 and 1.9% units higher for children of overweight and obese mothers, respectively (p = 0.004).

Conclusions:

The positive association between maternal body composition and child HbA1c likely represents the unique behavioral influence of mothers.

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