Genetic Variations in Inflammatory Mediators Influence Lung Disease Progression in Cystic Fibrosis

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

The clinical course of cystic fibrosis (CF) varies considerably among patients carrying the same CF-causing gene mutation. Additional genetic modifiers may contribute to this variability. As airway inflammation is a key component of CF pathophysiology, we investigated whether major cytokine variants represent such modifiers in young CF patients. We tested 13 polymorphisms in 8 genes that play a key role in the inflammatory response: tumor necrosis factor, lymphotoxin alpha, interleukin (IL) 1B, IL1 receptor antagonist, IL6, IL8, IL10 and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1), for an association with lung disease progression and nutritional status in 329 CF patients. Variants in the TGFB1 gene at position +869T/C demonstrated a significant association with lung function decline. A less pronounced rate of decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were observed in patients heterozygous for TGFB1 +869 (+869CT), when compared to patients carrying either TGFB1 +869TT or +869CC genotypes. These findings support the concept that TGFB1 gene variants appear to be important genetic modifiers of lung disease progression in CF.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles