Lymphoid Bronchiolitis Presenting at Birth in an Immunocompetent Child: Chronic Interstitial Lung Disease of Unknown Aetiology

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A female infant presented at birth with respiratory distress, which was subsequently shown to be secondary to lymphoid bronchiolitis, an exceptionally rare condition in childhood. Over the following 13 years there has been a slow progressive deterioration in her respiratory status with forced expiratory volume in 1 sec currently 40% predicted. Tests for connective tissue disease, infection, or immunodeficiency have all been negative and in the absence of any other explanation we postulate that this severe problem may have occurred as a consequence of an unrecognized intrauterine infection.

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