Fibromyalgia Syndrome in Children and Adolescents: Clinical Features at Presentation and Status at Follow-up

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A total of 45 subjects were identified (41 female; 42 white; mean age, 13.3 years), of whom 33 were available for telephone interview at a mean of 2.6 years from initial diagnosis (0.1 to 7.6 years). Of a possible 15 symptoms associated with FS, subjects reported a mean of 8, with >90% experiencing diffuse pain and sleep disturbance. Less frequent were headaches (71%), general fatigue (62%), and morning stiffness (53%). The mean cumulative number of tender points summed over all visits was 9.7 (of 18). Telephone interviews showed improvement in most patients, with a mean positive change of 4.8 on a self-rating scale of 1 to 10 comparing current status to worst-ever condition.


FS in patients referred to a pediatric rheumatology clinic is characterized by diffuse pain and sleep disturbance, the latter being more common than that in adults. The mean number of tender points summed over all visits is fewer than the criterion of 11 established for adults at a single visit. The majority of patients improved over 2 to 3 years of follow-up. Pediatrics 1998;101:377-382.

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