Percutaneous Central Venous Catheterization in Premature Infants: A Method for Facilitating Insertion of Silastic Catheters via Peripheral Veins

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Peripheral venous cannulation is the preferred method of inserting central venous silastic catheters in premature infants. The standard techniques are placement of the catheter using a breakaway introducer needle or introduction of the catheter through a cannula. In extremely low birth weight infants (<1000 g) successful cannulation is impeded by the small size of the vessels. After repeated attempts, both procedures can be time-consuming and stressful to the infant. We present a modified insertion technique of the standard 2-French silastic catheter with an increased success rate, thus reducing insertion time, stress to the infant, and costs. The method uses the tip of a 20-gauge cannula as dilator/introducer for the 2-French catheter. This tip is inserted into the vessel with a standard 24-gauge cannula. After successful insertion of the dilator/introducer cannula, the standard 2-French catheter can then be advanced easily. Pediatrics 1998;101:477-479.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles