Case Report of a 5-Year-Old With Epiglottitis: An Atypical Presentation of an Uncommon Disease

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Epiglottitis is a rarely encountered infection in pediatrics since the advent of the conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine first introduced in the United States in 1985. However, the disease remains a much feared infection in pediatrics. The literature reiterates the importance of early recognition, avoidance of agitating the patient, and the need for securing the airway in the operating room as key and essential features to a good outcome. However, with only 1 case per 200,000 children reported in the United States in 2006, most practitioners have never encountered this infection. The following is a case of a previously healthy and immunized child who presented to our emergency department and whose condition was ultimately diagnosed as epiglottitis.

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