Color-Naming and Color-Matching by Preschool Children as a Function of Visual Field and Sex

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The accuracy for both a color-naming and a color-matching task as a function of visual field and sex was investigated in preschool children. Subjects were 17 boys and 17 girls ranging in age from 4.4 to 5.6 yr. Each subject was tested on both tasks, for which the target stimuli were presented tachistoscopically. Accuracy measures for each task were obtained separately for both left and right visual fields. A two-factor (sex x visual field) analysis of variance with repeated measures on the visual-field factor showed a significant difference between the sexes on the color-naming task only. No significant difference between visual fields was found for either task. However, significant interactions between sex and visual field for both the color-naming and color-matching tasks were obtained, t tests for simple main effects showed a significant right visual-field advantage for girls in naming colors. Conversely, a significant left visual-field advantage for color-matching was found for boys. Also, on the color-matching task, significant sex differences were found for both visual fields when compared separately. Boys were more accurate for left and girls more accurate for right visual field. Boys performed in a more strongly lateralized fashion on the color-matching task than did the girls, supporting the notion of greater lateralization among males.

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