EFFECT OF STATIC VISUAL ACUITY ON DYNAMIC VISUAL ACUITY: A PILOT STUDY1

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Abstract

The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate whether dynamic visual acuity changes with or without refractive correction. 42 healthy enrolled subjects with normal vision were divided into two age-matched groups. In Group A, dynamic visual acuity was measured first with the refractive error fully corrected and then without. In Group B, dynamic visual acuity measurements were taken in the reverse order of that performed by Group A. The measurements were binocularly performed five times using free-head viewing after dynamic visual acuity values were stable. Significant changes in dynamic visual acuity (static visual acuity 20/20 vs 12/20) were observed in both Group A (171.6 ± 36.0 deg./sec. vs 151.8 ± 39.6 deg./sec., Wilcoxon test, p< .001) and Group B (169.8 ± 30.0 deg./sec. vs 151.2 ± 36.0 deg./sec., Wilcoxon test, p<.001). The interaction was significant (F1,20 = 8.12, p = .009). These results indicated that refractive correction affected dynamic visual acuity.

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