UNIDIRECTIONAL INTERFERENCE IN USE OF NONDOMINANT HAND DURING CONCURRENT GROOVED PEGBOARD AND RANDOM NUMBER GENERATION TASKS1,2

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Abstract

Summary.

The interference effect between Grooved Pegboard task with either hand and the executive task of cued verbal random number generation was investigated. 24 normal right-handed subjects performed each task under separate (single-task) and concurrent (dual-task) conditions. Articulatory suppression was required as an additional secondary task during pegboard performance. Analysis indicated an unambiguous distinction between the two hands. Comparisons of single-task and dual-task conditions showed an asymmetrical pattern of unidirectional interference with no practice effects during pegboard performance. Concurrent performance with non-dominant hand but not the dominant hand of random number generation performance became continuously slower. There was no effect of divided attention on peg-board performance. Findings support the idea that the nondominant hand on the peg-board and random number tasks draw from the same processing resources but that for the executive aspect random number generation is more sensitive to changes in allocation of attentional resources.

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