Serial renal biopsies in three girls with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome

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Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome is considered to have a good prognosis even without any immunosuppressive therapy, although there is no histological evidence to support this. The objective of this study was to evaluate, retrospectively, serial renal biopsy findings in three girls with TINU syndrome who were treated with prednisolone. At presentation, all patients had significantly elevated urinary β2-microglobulin levels (7583-19,313 μg/l) and high serum creatinine levels (0.93-1.3 mg/dl). The elevated β2-MG and creatinine levels persisted for 1 month, and renal biopsies were performed to establish a definitive diagnosis. The initial biopsy specimens of all patients revealed marked interstitial enlargement consisting of infiltration of lymphocytes; there was also notable tubulitis and infiltration of eosinophils. All patients received prednisolone therapy following the diagnosis. A second renal biopsy was performed 9 months after the first biopsy for two of three patients, and 2 years later for the third patient. The biopsy specimens taken at 9 months still showed histological changes of acute inflammation; in contrast, that taken at 2 years showed a lower degree of acute inflammation, but scar formation was observed in some regions. Based on these results, we conclude that selected TINU syndrome patients require some immunosuppressive therapy.

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