The Influence of Cognitive Style upon Work Environment Preferences

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Previous research has shown that those who differ in cognitive style differ in job satisfaction, leadership, and perceptions of task characteristics. The present study investigated how those who differ in cognitive style differ in their preferences for various work environments. The Group Embedded Figures Test and the Work Environment Scale-Form I were administered to 376 undergraduates. Analyses indicated that cognitive style was significantly associated with over-all climate perceptions as well as perceptions of autonomy, involvement, and innovation. The results suggest that those who are field-independent prefer autonomous, involving, and innovative work settings.

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