The impact of balanced hydroxylethyl starch cardiopulmonary bypass priming solution on the fibrin part of clot formation: ex vivo rotation thromboelastometry


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Abstract

Introduction:Balanced colloidal priming solutions are supposed to further minimize the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on haemostasis as compared to gelatin-based preparations. This exploratory study investigated whether clot formation, in particular the fibrin part of the clot, is less altered by a modern balanced HES solution as compared to a gelatin-based priming solution.Methods:CPB priming solutions containing 60% gelatin (Gelofusin®) or balanced HES starch (100% or 60% Tetraspan®) were mixed with blood samples from healthy volunteers and compared with respect to their impact on clotting time (CT), alpha angle, maximum clot firmness (MCF), and fibrinogen, using thromboelastometry.Results:The 100% and 60% HES priming solutions significantly increased the EXTEM CT from 66 ± 9 s to 82 ± 19 and 83 ± 13, respectively (both P<0.05 vs. baseline). The speed of solid clot formation decreased significantly for all priming solutions compared with baseline values. The INTEM MCF decreased from 59 ± 4 mm to 47 ± 4, 44 ± 4 and 43 ± 3 mm, whereas the EXTEM MCF decreased from 57 ± 4 mm to 51 ± 4, 51 ± 4 and 50 ± 4 mm after dilution with 60% gelatin, 100% HES or 60% HES priming solution, respectively (all P<0.01 vs. baseline). The priming solutions containing HES induced the largest decrease in MCF attributed to fibrinogen from 12 ± 3 mm to 4 ± 4 mm and 3 ± 2 mm (both P<0.05) for the 100% and mixed priming solution, respectively.Conclusions:Ex vivo rotation thromboelastometry did not reveal the expected preservation of coagulation parameters, in particular the fibrin part of clot formation, by a balanced HES priming solution.

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