Comparison of the effects of pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass, non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on the respiratory system and serum carbonyl


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Abstract

Background:We aimed to investigate the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and non-pulsatile CPB techniques on oxidative stress and the respiratory system in the current study.Materials and Methods:The patients were allocated into three different groups according to perfusion techniques, as follows: off-pump CABG group (n=10); pulsatile CPB (n=11); and non-pulsatile CPB group (n=11). Serum carbonyl level was measured and a pulmonary function test was performed preoperatively and postoperatively.Results:The postoperative increase in the carbonyl level was significantly lower in the off-pump CABG group compared to the other two groups, while there was no significant difference between the pulsatile and non-pulsatile CPB groups with respect to carbonyl levels. Arterial partial pressure of oxygen, forced expiratory volume in one second, and forced vital capacity were significantly higher in the off-pump CABG group compared to other two groups in the postoperative period.Conclusion:We found that off-pump CABG had less negative effects on oxidative stress and the respiratory system compared to pulsatile CPB and non-pulsatile CPB techniques. Additionally, there was no significant difference between pulsatile and non-pulsatile CPB.

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