Five years' experience in an anesthesiology antenatal clinic for high-risk patients

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Introduction:The aim, of this study is to describe our approach and outcomes in an outpatient anesthesia/analgesia antepartum clinic among ambulatory high-risk obstetric patients.Methods:This was a retrospective evaluation of the activity of the anesthesiology antenatal clinic from its inception in 2010 until 2016 (a 5-year period). The clinic works in collaboration with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The catchment area of the study University Affiliated Hospital attends a multiethnic population characterized by high parity.Results:There were 241 referrals over the 5 years, each of whom was discharged with a consult and a delivery management plan and 228 (95%) of which were performed as planned. Mean gestational age at consultation was 34.4 weeks (range: 20-37). There were no preconceptional consultation. No limitations regarding mode of anesthesia/analgesia was considered for 47% of the referrals. Nulliparous women accounted for 50% of the referrals and 17% were in their second pregnancy. The greatest number of referrals (30%) was for musculoskeletal conditions. No maternal death encountered. The mode of delivery was vaginal in 139 (65%) women; elective cesarean section in 44 (21%) women; and emergent cesarean section in 30 (14%) women. The neonatal outcomes were unremarkable; 210 (87%) in hospital births, 97.1% had an a 5′ Apgar score of 9.Conclusion:Our findings reveal the need for high-risk obstetric patients consult with a dedicated obstetric anesthesiologist to devise a management plan for labor and delivery that is tailored to their comorbidity and obstetric status, to ensure an optimum outcome for mother and child.

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