Analysis of matrix metalloproteinases, especially MMP-8, in gingival creviclular fluid, mouthrinse and saliva for monitoring periodontal diseases

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Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase-8 is a promising candidate biomarker for oral fluid (gingival crevicular fluid, peri-implant sulcular fluid and saliva) and mouthrinse chair-side/point-of-care diagnostics to predict, diagnose and determine the progressive phases of episodic periodontitis and peri-implantitis, as well as to monitor the treatments and medications. Matrix metalloproteinase-8 can be used alone or together with interleukin-1beta and Porphyromonas gingivalis to calculate cumulative risk score at the subject level as a successful diagnostic tool, especially in large-scale public health surveys, in which a thorough periodontal examination is not feasible.

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